What can be done about my keratoconus?

There are a few different options that can help correct keratoconus or even halt the progression of the eye disease.

  • Eyeglasses or soft contact lenses will correct vision for patients with mild keratoconus. As the disease progresses and becomes increasingly irregular in shape, glasses and soft contacts no longer provide adequate vision correction.
  • Gas-permeable contact lenses can be used as an alternative keratoconus treatment. For some, these rigid contact lenses are the only way to correct vision adequately. These must be fitted with great care. Most patients need frequent checkups and frequent contact lens changes to achieve good vision and comfort.
  • Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking (CXL) is a newer treatment option which has been shown to be effective at halting the progression of keratoconus. This treatment consists of activating a riboflavin vitamin on the cornea with UV-A light. This method induces the formation of collagen bonds in the cornea, which improves the corneal rigidity of your eye.
  • Corneal ring segments (Intacs) are specially designed plastic inserts, which are surgically placed under the surface of the cornea. Intacs are able to remodel the structure of the cornea creating a more natural dome-like shape and improving one's vision.
  • A corneal transplant may be needed in the most severe cases due to scarring, extreme thinning or contact lens intolerance. This is a surgical procedure that replaces the keratoconus cornea with healthy donor tissue.

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